New York State consists of 62 counties. Counties are the building blocks used to build progressively larger geographic areas for which labor market statistics are reported. These larger areas include Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) and labor market regions (LMRs).
Each CBSA consists of a county or associated counties containing at least one urban area of 10,000 or more population, plus adjacent, outlying counties that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the core. An outlying county is included in the CBSA if at least 25 percent of its employed residents work in the central county (or counties) or if not less than 25 percent of the jobs in the outlying county are held by residents of the central county (or counties).
There are two types of CBSAs: Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Micropolitan Statistical Areas. Each Metropolitan Statistical Area must have at least one urban area of 50,000 or more inhabitants. Each Micropolitan Statistical Area must have at least one urban area of at least 10,000 but less than 50,000 inhabitants. New York State has fourteen Metropolitan Statistical Areas (including two labor market areas) and fifteen Micropolitan Statistical Areas.
If specified criteria are met, a Metropolitan Statistical Area containing a single core with a population of 2.5 million or more may be subdivided to form smaller groupings of counties referred to as "Metropolitan Divisions." New York State's portion of the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area includes the Nassau-Suffolk Metropolitan Division as well as the New York City labor market area and the Putnam-Rockland-Westchester labor market area.
If two adjacent Metropolitan or Micropolitan Statistical Areas have a certain degree of employment interchange, for reporting purposes they may be combined into a single geographic entity know as a Combined Statistical Area (CSA). New York State has five CSAs entirely within its borders and a sixth - the New York-Newark-Bridgeport CSA - which includes portions of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Connecticut.
Labor Market Regions (LMR) correspond to ten geographic areas of the state, which are defined by the New York State Department of Labor, each of which is served by a Department of Labor regional analyst. For a list of New York State LMRs and their component counties, see below. In addition, see the Census Bureau's Guide to State and Local Census Geography.
Several labor market regions were redefined in March 2008. The table below summarizes those changes.
|Capital||Albany, Columbia, Greene, Rensselaer, Saratoga, Schenectady, Warren, and Washington||Unchanged|
|Central NY||Cayuga, Cortland, Madison, Onondaga, and Oswego||Gained Madison County.|
|Finger Lakes||Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Ontario, Orleans, Seneca, Wayne, Wyoming, and Yates||Unchanged|
|Hudson Valley||Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Rockland, Sullivan, Ulster, and Westchester||Unchanged|
|Long Island||Nassau and Suffolk||Unchanged|
|Mohawk Valley||Fulton, Herkimer, Montgomery, Oneida, Otsego, and Schoharie||Gained Otsego County and lost Madison County|
|New York City||Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, and Richmond||Unchanged|
|North Country||Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Hamilton, Jefferson, Lewis, and St. Lawrence||Unchanged|
|Southern Tier||Broome, Chemung, Chenango, Delaware, Schuyler, Steuben, Tioga, and Tompkins||Lost Otsego County|
|Western NY||Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, and Niagara||Unchanged|
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